Nurse's Corner » Diabetes Action Plan

Diabetes Action Plan

  • Diabetes causes insufficient production and use of insulin by the pancreas.  It affects the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
  • Blood glucose testing is done periodically throughout the day.
  • Type 1 Diabetics use insulin to help control their blood sugar.  
  • Type 2 Diabetics often use a combination of diet, exercise, and oral medication.
  • The most common problem seen in a student is hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and it can occur quickly.

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

Symptoms may include:       

  • Hunger
  • Lethargy, sleepiness, light-headedness
  • Shakiness, faintness
  • Fast heart beat, rapid breathing
  • Personality change irritability, crying
  • Headache, pale
  • Inability to follow directions
  • Cold, clammy skin, profuse sweating
  • Unconsciousness, convulsions
  •  

Hypoglycemia treatments might include:               


If student conscious:

  • 4-6 Life savers
  • 3-4 glucose tablets
  • 4 oz juice
  • 6 oz regular (not diet) soda

If student unconscious:

  • Glucose gel or squeezable cake icing


Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)

Symptoms may include:

  • Fruity-smelling breath.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Weakness.
  • Confusion.
  • Coma.
  • Abdominal pain.


Always send this child to the clinic with an escort!




*911 will always be called for an unconscious diabetic.